Minimal group formation influences on over-imitation

Author(s)
Hanna Schleihauf, Sabina Pauen, Stefanie Hoehl
Abstract

This study investigated influences of group membership on preschoolers' (N = 174) over-imitation, focusing on artificially formed minimal groups. Children observed an ingroup or outgroup model demonstrating an inefficient strategy. We tested whether group membership influenced the elicitation of over-imitation (Phase 1). Subsequently, they observed an outgroup/ingroup model demonstrating an efficient strategy and we tested whether group membership influenced the persistence of over-imitation when a more efficient solution is available (Phase 2). Although we found a significant increase in over-imitation with an increasing emphasis of group membership during group formation, over-imitation rates were not affected by group membership of the model. It did not make a difference whether children observed either strategy by an ingroup or outgroup model. We conclude that minimal group membership itself did not affect children's tendency to over-imitate. Nevertheless, we assume that children's over-imitation was influenced by general aspects of the group formation process, such as the playful context which was created prior to the demonstrations.

Organisation(s)
Department of Clinical and Health Psychology
External organisation(s)
Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Journal
Cognitive Development
Volume
50
Pages
222-236
No. of pages
15
ISSN
0885-2014
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.04.004
Publication date
2019
Peer reviewed
Yes
Austrian Fields of Science 2012
501005 Developmental psychology
Keywords
Portal url
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/en/publications/minimal-group-formation-influences-on-overimitation(39d807f1-65a2-4b4c-9f07-777de1742753).html