Contrasting Social and Cognitive Accounts on Overimitation

Autor(en)
Hanna Schleihauf, Sabine Graetz, Sabina Pauen, Stefanie Hoehl
Abstrakt

Three experiments (N = 100) examine the influence of causal information on overimitation. In Experiment 1, a transparent reward location reveals that the reward is unaffected by nonfunctional actions. When 5-year-olds observe an inefficient and subsequently an efficient strategy to retrieve a reward, they show overimitation in both phases-even though the reward is visible. In Experiment 2, children observe first the efficient then the inefficient strategy. The latter is always demonstrated communicatively, whereas the efficient strategy is presented communicatively (2a) or noncommunicatively (2b). Regardless of whether the efficient strategy is emphasized through communication or not, most children do not switch from the efficient to the inefficient strategy. Depending on the situation, children base their behavior on social motivations or causal information.

Organisation(en)
Journal
Child Development
Band
89
Seiten
1039-1055
ISSN
0009-3920
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.12780
Publikationsdatum
2017
Publikationsstatus
Elektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
501005 Entwicklungspsychologie
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/contrasting-social-and-cognitive-accounts-on-overimitation(2ac95df5-8a33-46fe-a075-b7aaa64536ca).html