The early development of face processing - What makes faces special?

Autor(en)
Stefanie Hoehl, Stefanie Peykarjou
Abstrakt

In the present article we review behavioral and neurophysiological studies on face processing in adults and in early development. From the existing empirical and theoretical literature we derive three aspects that distinguish face processing from the processing of other visual object categories. Each of these aspects is discussed from a developmental perspective. First, faces are recognized and represented at the individual level rather than at the basic level. Second, humans typically acquire extensive expertise in individuating faces from early on in development. And third, more than other objects, faces are processed holistically. There is a quantitative difference in the amount of visual experience for faces and other object categories in that the amount of expertise typically acquired for faces is greater than that for other object categories. In addition, we discuss possible qualitative differences in experience for faces and objects. For instance, there is evidence for a sensitive period in infancy for building up a holistic face representation and for perceptual narrowing for faces of one's own species and race. We conclude our literature review with questions for future research, for instance, regarding the exact relationship between behavioral and neuronal markers of face processing across development.

Organisation(en)
Externe Organisation(en)
Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Journal
Neuroscience Bulletin
Band
28
Seiten
765-788
Anzahl der Seiten
24
ISSN
1673-7067
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12264-012-1280-0
Publikationsdatum
12-2012
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
501005 Entwicklungspsychologie
Schlagwörter
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/the-early-development-of-face-processing--what-makes-faces-special(df9638da-dab5-4343-8b9a-b4ace2e3e1b0).html