Minimal group formation influences on over-imitation

Autor(en)
Hanna Schleihauf, Sabina Pauen, Stefanie Hoehl
Abstrakt

This study investigated influences of group membership on preschoolers' (N = 174) over-imitation, focusing on artificially formed minimal groups. Children observed an ingroup or outgroup model demonstrating an inefficient strategy. We tested whether group membership influenced the elicitation of over-imitation (Phase 1). Subsequently, they observed an outgroup/ingroup model demonstrating an efficient strategy and we tested whether group membership influenced the persistence of over-imitation when a more efficient solution is available (Phase 2). Although we found a significant increase in over-imitation with an increasing emphasis of group membership during group formation, over-imitation rates were not affected by group membership of the model. It did not make a difference whether children observed either strategy by an ingroup or outgroup model. We conclude that minimal group membership itself did not affect children's tendency to over-imitate. Nevertheless, we assume that children's over-imitation was influenced by general aspects of the group formation process, such as the playful context which was created prior to the demonstrations.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Klinische und Gesundheitspsychologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Max-Planck-Institut für Kognitions- und Neurowissenschaften, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Journal
Cognitive Development
Band
50
Seiten
222-236
Anzahl der Seiten
15
ISSN
0885-2014
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogdev.2019.04.004
Publikationsdatum
2019
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
501005 Entwicklungspsychologie
Schlagwörter
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/minimal-group-formation-influences-on-overimitation(39d807f1-65a2-4b4c-9f07-777de1742753).html